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Nvidia (NVDA 3.17%)
Q2 2024 Earnings Call
Aug 23, 2023, 5:00 p.m. ET


  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:


Good afternoon. My name is David, and I’ll be your conference operator today. At this time, I’d like to welcome everyone to Nvidia’s second-quarter earnings call. Today’s conference is being recorded.

All lines have been placed on mute to prevent any background noise. After the speakers’ remarks, there’ll be a question-and-answer session. [Operator instructions] Thank you. Simona Jankowski, you may begin your conference.

Simona JankowskiVice President, Investor Relations

Thank you. Good afternoon, everyone, and welcome to Nvidia’s conference call for the second quarter of fiscal 2024. With me today from Nvidia are Jensen Huang, president and chief executive officer; and Colette Kress, executive vice president and chief financial officer. I’d like to remind you that our call is being webcast live on Nvidia’s investor relations website.

The webcast will be available for replay until the conference call to discuss our financial results for the third quarter of fiscal 2024. The content of today’s call is Nvidia’s property. It can’t be reproduced or transcribed without our prior written consent. During this call, we may make forward-looking statements based on current expectations.

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These are subject to a number of significant risks and uncertainties, and our actual results may differ materially. For a discussion of factors that could affect our future financial results and business, please refer to the disclosure in today’s earnings release, our most recent Forms 10-K and 10-Q, and the reports that we may file on Form 8-K with the Securities and Exchange Commission. All our statements are made as of today, August 23rd, 2023, based on information currently available to us. Except as required by law, we assume no obligation to update any such statements.

During this call, we will discuss non-GAAP financial measures. You can find a reconciliation of these non-GAAP financial measures to GAAP financial measures in our CFO commentary, which is posted on our website. And with that, let me turn the call over to Colette.

Colette KressExecutive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Thanks, Simona. We had an exceptional quarter. Record Q2 revenue of 13.51 billion was up 88% sequentially and up 101% year on year and above our outlook of 11 billion. Let me first start with data center.

Record revenue of 10.32 billion was up 141% sequentially and up 171% year on year. Data center compute revenue nearly tripled year on year driven primarily by accelerating demand for cloud from cloud service providers and large consumer internet companies for our HGX platform, the engine of generative and large language models. Major companies including AWS, Google Cloud, Meta, Microsoft Azure, and Oracle Cloud, as well as a growing number of GPU cloud providers are deploying in-volume HGX systems based on our Hopper and Ampere architecture tensor core GPUs. Networking revenue almost doubled year on year driven by our end-to-end InfiniBand networking platform, the gold standard for AI.

There is tremendous demand for Nvidia accelerated computing and AI platforms. Our supply partners have been exceptional in ramping capacity to support our needs. Our data center supply chain, including HGX, with 35,000 parts and highly complex networking, has been built up over the past decade. We have also developed and qualified additional capacity and suppliers for key steps in the manufacturing process such as co-op packaging.

We expect supply to increase each quarter through next year. By geography, data center growth was strongest in the U.S. as customers direct their capital investments to AI and accelerated computing. China’s demand was within the historical range of 20% to 25% of our data center revenue, including compute and networking solutions.

At this time, let me take a moment to address recent reports on the potential for increased regulations on our exports to China. We believe the current regulation is achieving the intended results. Given the strength of demand for our products worldwide, we do not anticipate that additional export restrictions on our data center GPUs, if adopted, would have an immediate material impact to our financial results. However, over the long term, restrictions prohibiting the sale of our data center GPUs to China, if implemented, will result in a permanent loss of an opportunity for the U.S.

industry to compete and lead in one of the world’s largest markets. Our cloud service providers drove exceptional strong demand for HGX systems in the quarter as they undertake a generational transition to upgrade their data center infrastructure for the new era of accelerated computing and AI. The NVIDIA HGX platform is culminating of nearly two decades of full-stack innovation across silicon, systems, interconnects, networking, software, and algorithms. Instances powered by the NVIDIA H100 tensor core GPUs are now generally available at AWS, Microsoft Azure, and several GPU cloud providers, with others on the way shortly.

Consumer internet companies also drove the very strong demand. Their investments in data center infrastructure purpose-built for AI are already generating significant returns. For example, Meta recently highlighted that, since launching reels and AI recommendations, have driven a more than 24% increase in time spent on Instagram. Enterprises are also racing to deploy generative AI, driving strong consumption of Nvidia-powered instances in the cloud, as well as demand for on-premise infrastructure.

Whether we serve customers in the cloud or on-prem through partners or direct, their applications can run seamlessly on Nvidia AI Enterprise software with access to our acceleration libraries, pre-trained models, and APIs. We announced a partnership with Snowflake to provide enterprises with accelerated paths to create customized generative AI applications using their own proprietary data, all securely within the Snowflake data cloud. With the NVIDIA NeMo platform for developing large language models, enterprises will be able to make custom LLMs for advanced AI services, including chatbots, search, and summarization right from the Snowflake data cloud. Virtually every industry can benefit from generative AI.

For example, AI co-pilot, such as those just announced by Microsoft, can boost the productivity of over a billion office workers and tens of millions of software engineers. Millions of professionals in legal services, sales, customer support, and education will be available to leverage AI systems trained in their fields. And the co-pilots and assistants are set to create new multi-hundred billion dollars market opportunities for our customers. We are seeing some of the earliest applications of generative AI in marketing, media, and entertainment.

WPP, the world’s largest marketing and communication services organization, is developing a content engine using Nvidia Omniverse to enable artists and designers to integrate generative AI into 3D content creation. WPP designers can create images from text prompts while responsibly train generative AI tools and content from Nvidia partners such as Adobe and Getty Images using NVIDIA Picasso, a foundry for custom generative AI models for visual design. Visual content provider Shutterstock is also using NVIDIA Picasso to build tools and services that enable users to create 3D scene backgrounds with the help of generative AI. We partnered with ServiceNow and Accenture to launch the AI Lighthouse program, fast-tracking the development of enterprise AI capabilities.

AI Lighthouse unites the ServiceNow enterprise automation platform and engine with Nvidia accelerated computing and with Accenture consulting and deployment services. We are collaborating also with Hugging Face to simplify the creation of new and custom AI models for enterprises. Hugging Face will offer a new service for enterprises to train and tune advanced AI models powered by NVIDIA DGX Cloud. And just yesterday, VMware and Nvidia announce a major new enterprise offering called VMware Private AI Foundation with Nvidia, a fully integrated platform featuring AI software and accelerated computing from Nvidia, with multi-cloud software for enterprises running VMware.

VMware’s hundreds of thousands of enterprise customers will have access to the infrastructure, AI, and cloud management software needed to customize models and run generative AI applications such as intelligent chatbot assistance, search, and summarization. We also announced new NVIDIA AI Enterprise-ready servers featuring the new NVIDIA L40S GPU built for the industry-standard data center server ecosystem and BlueField-3 DPU data center infrastructure processor. L40S is not limited by co-op supply and is shipping to the world’s leading server system makers. L40S is a universal data center processor designed for high-volume data center scaling out to accelerate the most compute-intensive applications including AI training and [Inaudible], 3D design and visualization, video processing, and NVIDIA Omniverse industrial digitalization.

NVIDIA AI Enterprise-ready servers are fully optimized for VMware Cloud Foundation and Private AI Foundation. Nearly 100 configurations of NVIDIA AI Enterprise-ready servers will soon be available from the world’s leading enterprise IT computing companies including Dell, HPE, and Lenovo. The GH200 Grace Hopper Superchip, which combines our Arm-based Grace CPU with Hopper GPU, entered full production and will be available this quarter in OEM servers. It is also shipping to multiple supercomputing customers including Los Alamos National Labs and the Swiss National Computing Centre.

And Nvidia and SoftBank are collaborating on a platform based on GH200 for generative AI and 5G/6G applications. The second-generation version of our Grace Hopper Superchip with the latest HBM GPU memory will be available in Q2 of calendar 2024. We announced the DGX GH200, a new class of large memory AI supercomputer for giant AI language models, recommender systems, and data analytics. This is the first use of the new NVIDIA NVLink Switch System enabling all of its 256 Grace Hopper superchips to work together as one, a huge jump compared to our prior generation connecting just eight GPUs on NVIDIA Link.

DGX GH200 systems are expected to be available by the end of the year, Google Cloud, Meta, and Microsoft among the first to gain access. Strong networking growth was driven primarily by InfiniBand infrastructure to connect HGX GPU systems. Thanks to its end-to-end optimization and in-network computing capabilities, InfiniBand delivers more than double the performance of traditional Ethernet for AI. For billions-of-dollar AI infrastructures, the value from the increased throughput of InfiniBand is worth hundreds of millions and pays for the network.

In addition, only InfiniBand can scale to hundreds of thousands of GPUs. It is the network of choice for leading AI practitioners. For Ethernet-based cloud data centers that seek to optimize their AI performance, we announced NVIDIA Spectrum-X, an accelerated networking platform designed to optimize Ethernet for AI workloads. Spectrum-X couples the spectrum for the Ethernet switch with the BlueField-3 DPU, achieving 1.5x better overall AI performance and power efficiency versus traditional Ethernet.

BlueField-3 DPU is a major success. It is in qualification with major OEMs and ramping across multiple CSP and consumer internet companies. Now, moving to gaming. Gaming revenue of 2.49 billion was up 11% sequentially and 22% year on year.

Growth was fueled by GeForce RTX 40 series GPUs for laptops and desktops, and customer demand was solid and consistent with seasonality. We believe global end demand has returned to growth after last year’s slowdown. We have a large upgrade opportunity ahead of us, just 47% of our installed base have upgraded to RTX, and about 20% of a GPU with an RTX 3060 or higher performance. Laptop GPUs posted strong growth in the key back-to-school season led by RTX 4060 GPUs.

Nvidia’s GPU-powered laptops have gained in popularity, and their shipments are now outpacing desktop GPUs in several regions around the world. This is likely to shift the reality of our overall gaming revenue again with Q2 and Q3 as the stronger quarters of the year, reflecting the back-to-school and holiday build schedules for laptops. In desktop, we launched the GeForce RTX 4060 and the GeForce RTX 4060 Ti GPUs, bringing the Ada Lovelace architecture down to price points as low as $299. The ecosystem of RTX and DLSS games continued to expand, 35 new games added to DLSS support including blockbusters such as Diablo 4 and Baldur’s Gate 3.

There’s now over 330 RTX accelerated games and apps. We are bringing generative AI to games. At Computex, we announced NVIDIA Avatar Cloud Engine [Inaudible] for games, a custom AI model foundry service. Developers can use the service to bring intelligence to nonplayer characters.

It harnesses a number of NVIDIA Omniverse and AI technologies including NeMo Riva and Audio2Face. Now moving to professional visualization. Revenue of 375 million was up 28% sequentially and down 24% year on year. The Ada architecture ramp drove strong growth in Q2, rolling out initially in laptop workstations, with a refresh of desktop workstations coming in Q3.

These will include powerful new RTX systems with up to four NVIDIA RTX 6000 GPUs, providing more than 5,800 teraflops of AI performance and 192 gigabytes of GPU memory. They can be configured with NVIDIA AI Enterprise or NVIDIA Omniverse Enterprise. We also announced three new desktop workstation GPUs based on the Ada generation, the NVIDIA RTX 5000, 4500, and 4000, offering up to 2x the RT core throughput and up to 2x faster AI training performance compared to the previous generation. In addition to traditional workloads such as 3D design and content creation, new workloads and generative AI, large language model development, and data science are expanding the opportunities in pro visualization for our RTX technology.

One of the key themes in Jensen’s keynote at SIGGRAPH earlier this month was the convergence of graphics and AI. This is where NVIDIA Omniverse is positioned. Omniverse is OpenUSD data platform. OpenUSD is a universal interchange that is quickly becoming the standard for the 3D world, much like HTML is the universal language for 2D content.

Together, Adobe, Apple, Autodesk, Pixar, and Nvidia formed the Alliance for OpenUSD. Our mission is to accelerate OpenUSD development and adoption. We announced new and upcoming Omniverse Cloud APIs, including RunUSD and ChatUSD to bring generative AI to OpenUSD workloads. Moving to automotive.

Revenue was 253 million, down 15% sequentially and up 15% year on year. Solid year-on-year growth was driven by the ramp of self-driving platforms based on NVIDIA DRIVE Orin SoC with a number of new energy vehicle makers. The sequential decline reflects lower overall automotive demand, particularly in China. We announced a partnership with MediaTek to bring drivers and passengers new experiences inside the car.

MediaTek will develop automotive SoCs and integrate a new product line of NVIDIA GPU chipsets. The partnership covers a wide range of vehicle segments from luxury to entry-level. Moving to the rest of the P&L. GAAP gross margins expanded to 70.1% and non-GAAP gross margin to 71.2% driven by higher data center sales.

Our data center products include a significant amount of software and complexity, which is also helping drive our gross margins. Sequential GAAP operating expenses were up 6%, and non-GAAP operating expenses were up 5%, primarily reflecting increased compensation and benefits. We returned approximately 3.4 billion to shareholders in the form of share repurchases and cash dividends. Our board of directors has just approved an additional 25 billion in stock repurchases to add to our remaining 4 billion of authorization as of the end of Q2.

Let me turn to the outlook for the third quarter of fiscal 2024. Demand for our data center platform for AI is tremendous and broad-based across industries and customers. Our demand visibility extends into next year. Our supply over the next several quarters will continue to ramp as we lower cycle times and work with our supply partners to add capacity.

Additionally, the new L40S GPU will help address the growing demand for many types of workloads from cloud to enterprise. For Q3, total revenue is expected to be 16 billion, plus or minus 2%. We expect sequential growth to be driven largely by data center, with gaming and pro vis also contributing. GAAP and non-GAAP gross margins are expected to be 71.5% and 72.5%, respectively, plus or minus 50 basis points. GAAP and non-GAAP operating expenses are expected to be approximately 2.95 billion and 2 billion, respectively.

GAAP and non-GAAP other income and expenses are expected to be an income of approximately 100 million, excluding gains and losses from nonaffiliated investments. GAAP and non-GAAP tax rates are expected to be 14.5%, plus or minus 1%, excluding any discrete items. Further financial details are included in the CFO commentary and other information available on our IR website. In closing, let me highlight some upcoming events for the financial community.

We will attend the Jefferies Tech Summit on August 30th in Chicago, the Goldman Sachs Tech Conference on September 5th in San Francisco, the Evercore Semiconductor Conference on September 6th, as well as the Citi Tech Conference on September 10th, both in New York, and the BofA Virtual AI Conference on September 11th. Our earnings call to discuss the results of our third quarter of fiscal 2024 is scheduled for Tuesday, November 21st. Operator, we will now open the call for questions. Could you please pull for questions for us? Thank you.

Questions & Answers:


Thank you. [Operator instructions] We’ll take our first question from Matt Ramsay with TD Cowen. Your line is now open.

Matt RamsayTD Cowen — Analyst

Yes, thank you very much. Good afternoon. Obviously, remarkable results. Jensen, I wanted to ask a question of you regarding the really quickly emerging application of — of large model inference.

So, I think it’s pretty well understood by the majority of investors that you guys have a very much a lockdown share of the training market. A lot of the smaller market — smaller — smaller model inference workloads have been done on ASICs or CPUs in the past. And with many of these GPT and other really large models, there’s this new workload that’s accelerating super-duper quickly on — on large model inference. And I think your — your Grace Hopper Superchip products and others are pretty well aligned for that. But could you maybe talk to us about how you’re seeing the inference market segment between small model inference and large model inference and how your product portfolio is positioned for that? Thanks.

Jensen HuangPresident and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, thanks a lot. So, let’s take a quick step back. These large language models are — are fairly — are pretty phenomenal. It — it does several things, of course.

It has the ability to understand unstructured language. But at its core, what it has learned is the structure of human language and it has encoded or within it — compressed within it a large amount of human knowledge that it has learned by the corpuses that it studied. What happens is you create these large language models and you create as large as you can, and then you derive from it smaller versions of the model, essentially teach-your-student models. It’s a process called distillation. And — and so, when you see these smaller — smaller models, it’s very likely the case that they were derived from or distilled from or learned from larger models, and just as you have professors and teachers and students and so on, so forth.

And you’re going to see this going forward. And so, you start from a very large model and it has to build — it has a large amount of generality and generalization and — and what’s called zero-shot capability. And so, for a lot of applications and questions or skills that you haven’t trained it specifically on, these large language models, miraculously, has the capability to perform them. That’s what makes it so magical. On the other hand — on the other hand, you — you — you would like to have these capabilities and all kinds of computing devices.

And so, what you do is you distill them down. These smaller models might have excellent capabilities in a particular skill, but they don’t generalize as well. They don’t have what is called as-good zero-shot capabilities. And so, they all have their own — own unique capabilities, but — but you start from very large models.


OK, next, we’ll go to Vivek Arya with BofA Securities. Your line is now open.

Vivek AryaBank of America Merrill Lynch — Analyst

Thank you. Just had a quick clarification on a question. Colette, if you could please clarify how much incremental supply do you expect to come online in the next year? You think it’s up 20, 30, 40, 50%? So, just any sense of how much supply because you said it’s growing every quarter. And then, Jensen, the question for you is, when we look at the overall hyperscaler spending, that pie is not really growing that much. So, what is giving you the confidence that they can continue to carve out more of that pie for generative AI? Just give us your sense of how sustainable is this demand as we look over the next one to two years.

So, if I take your implied Q3 outlook of data center, 12 billion,13 billion, what does that say about how many servers are already AI accelerated? Where is that going? So, just give us some confidence that the growth that you are seeing is sustainable into the next one to two years.

Colette KressExecutive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

So, thanks for that question regarding our supply. Yes, we — we do expect to continue increasing, ramping our supply over the next quarter, as well as into next fiscal year. In terms of percent, that’s not something that we — we have here. It is a work across so many different suppliers, so many different parts of building, and — and HGX many of our other new products that are coming to market. But we are very pleased with both the support that we have with our suppliers and the long time that we have spent with them improving their supply.

Jensen HuangPresident and Chief Executive Officer

The world has something along the lines of about $1 trillion worth of data centers installed in the cloud and enterprise and otherwise. And that trillion dollars of data centers is in the process of transitioning into accelerated computing and generative AI. We’re seeing two simultaneous platform shifts at the same time. One is accelerated computing, and the reason for that is because it’s the most cost-effective, most energy-effective, and the most performant way of doing computing now. And so — so, what you’re seeing — and then, all of a sudden enabled by generative AI — enabled by accelerated computing, generative AI came along. And this incredible application now gives everyone two reasons to transition, to do a platform shift from general purpose computing, the classical way of doing computing, to this new way of doing computing, accelerated computing.

There’s about $1 trillion worth of data centers, call it, a quarter of trillion dollars of — of capital spend each year. You’re seeing the — the data centers around the world are taking that capital spend and focusing it on the two most important trends of — of computing today, accelerated computing and generative AI. And so, I think this is not a — this is not a — a near-term thing. This is a — a long-term industry transition, and we’re seeing these two platform shifts happening at the same time.


Next, we go to Stacy Rasgon with Bernstein Research. Your line is open.

Stacy RasgonAllianceBernstein — Analyst

Hi, guys. Thanks for taking my question. I was wondering, Colette, if you could tell me like how much of data center in the quarter, maybe even the guidance, like, systems versus GPU, like DGX versus just the H100. What I’m really trying to get at is how much is like pricing or content, or however you want to define that, versus units actually driving the growth going forward. Can you give us any color around that?

Colette KressExecutive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Sure, Stacy. Let me help. Within the quarter, our HGX systems were a very significant part of our data center as well as our data center growth that we had seen. Those systems include our HGX of our Hopper architecture but also our Ampere architecture.

Yes, we are still selling — both of these architectures are in the market. Now, when you think about that, what does that mean from both the systems as a unit, of course, is growing quite substantially, and that is driving in terms of the revenue increases. So, both of these things are the drivers of the revenue inside data center. Our DGXs are always a portion of additional systems that we will sell. Those are a great opportunity for our enterprise customers and many other different types of customers that we’re seeing even in our consumer internet companies. Now, the importance there is also coming together with software that we sell with our DGXs, but that’s a portion of our sales that we’re doing. The rest of the GPUs, we have new GPUs coming to market that we talk about, the L40S, and they will add continued growth going forward.

But again, the largest driver of our revenue within this last quarter was definitely the HGX system.

Jensen HuangPresident and Chief Executive Officer

And, Stacy, if I could just add something. The — you — you say it’s H100, and I know you know what your — your — your mental image in your mind, but the H100 is 35,000 parts, 70 pounds, nearly a trillion transistors in combination; takes a robot to build — well, many robots to build because it’s 70 pounds to lift. And it takes a supercomputer to test a supercomputer. And so, these — these things are technology marvels, and — and the manufacturing of them is really intensive. And so — so I think we — you know, we call it H100 as if it’s a chip that comes off of a fab, but H100s go — go out really as HGX as they are the world’s hyperscalers, and — and they’re really really quite large system components, if you will.


Next, we go to Mark Lipacis with Jefferies. Your line is now open.

Mark LipacisJefferies — Analyst

Hi, thanks for taking my question, and congrats on the — on the success. Jensen, it seems like the — a key part of the success — your success in the market is delivering the software ecosystem along with the chip and the hardware platform. And I had a two-part question on this. I was wondering if you could just help us understand the evolution of your software ecosystem, the critical elements.

And is there a way to quantify your lead on this dimension, like how many person years you’ve invested in building it? And then, part two, I was wondering if you would care to share with us your view on what percentage of the value of the Nvidia platform is hardware differentiation versus software differentiation. Thank you.

Jensen HuangPresident and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, Mark, thanks for your question. The — let me see if I could use some metrics. So, we have a runtime score in the AI enterprise. This is — this is one part of our software stack.

And this is — this is, if you will, the runtime that just about every company uses for the end-to-end of machine learning, from data processing, the training of any model that you — that you like to do on any framework you like to do, the inference, and the deployment, the scaling it out into data center, could be a scale-out for a hyperscale data center, could be a scale-out for enterprise data center, for example, on VMware. You can do this on any of our GPUs. We have hundreds of millions of GPUs in the field and millions of GPUs in the cloud in just about every single cloud. And it runs in a single GPU configuration as well as multi-GPU per compute or multi-node. It also has multiple — multiple sessions or multiple — multiple computing instances per GPU.

So, from multiple instances per GPU to multiple GPUs, multiple nodes, to entire data center scale. So, this runtime called NVIDIA AI Enterprise has something like 4,500 software packages, software libraries and has something like 10,000 dependencies among each other. And that runtime is — is, as I mentioned, continuously updated and optimized for — for our install base for our stack. And that’s just one example of what it would take to get accelerated computing to work that the number of — of code combinations and type of application combinations is really quite insane.

And that’s taken us two decades to get here. But what I would — what I would — what I would characterize as probably our — are the elements of our — of our — of our company, if you will, are several. I would say number one is architecture. The flexibility, the versatility, and the performance of our architecture makes it possible for us to do all the things that I just said, you know, from data processing to training, to inference, for preprocessing of the data before you do the inference, to the post-processing of the data, tokenizing of — of — of — of languages so that you could then train — train with it. The amount of the workflow is much more intense than just training or inference. But anyways, that’s where we’ll focus, and is fine.

But — but when people actually use these computing systems, it’s quite — requires a lot of applications. And so, the combination of our architecture makes it possible for us to deliver the lowest cost of ownership. And the reason for that is because — because we accelerate so many different things. The second characteristic of our — of our company is the install base. You know, you have to ask yourself why is it that all the software developers come to our platform.

And the reason for that is because software developers seek a large install base so that they can reach the largest number of end users so that they could build a business or get a return on the investments that they make. And — and then, the third characteristic is reach. We’re in the cloud today, both for public cloud — public-facing cloud because we have so many customers that use — so many developers and customers, they use our — our platform. CSPs are delighted to put it up in the cloud. They use it for internal consumption, you know, to develop and train and operate recommender systems or search or data processing engines and whatnot, all the way to training and inference. And so, we’re in the cloud, we’re in enterprise.

Yesterday, we had a very big announcement. It’s really worthwhile to — to take a look at that. VMware is the operating system of the world’s enterprise. And we’ve been working together for several years now and we’re going to bring together — together, we’re going to bring generative AI to the world’s enterprises all the way out to the edge. And so, reach is another reason.

And because of reach, all of the world’s system makers are anxious to put Nvidia’s platform in their systems. And so, we have a very broad distribution from all of the world’s OEMs and ODMs and so on and so forth because of our reach. And then, lastly, because of our scale and velocity, we were — we were able to sustain this — this really complex stack of software and hardware and networking and compute and across all of these different usage models and different computing environments. And we’re able to — to do all this while accelerating the velocity of our engineering. You know, it seems like we’re introducing a new architecture every two years now.

We’re introducing a new architecture, a new new product just about every six months. And so, these — these properties make it possible for the ecosystem to build their company and their business on top of us. And so, those in combination makes it special.


Next, we’ll go to Atif Malik with Citi. Your line is open.

Atif MalikCiti — Analyst

Hi, thank you for taking my question. And great job on the results and outlook. Colette, I have a question on the cool-off list, L40S that you guys talked about. Any idea how much of the supply tightness can L40S help with? And if you can talk about the incremental profitability or gross margin contribution from this product.

Thank you.

Jensen HuangPresident and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, Atif, let me — let me take that for — for you. The L40 — L40S is really designed for a different type of application. H100 is designed for large-scale language models and processing, just very large models and a great deal of data. And so, that’s — that’s not L40S’ focus.

L40S’ focus is to be able to fine-tune models — fine-tune pre-trained models and it’ll do that incredibly well. It has a transformer engine. It’s got a lot of performance. You can get multiple GPUs in a — in a server. It’s designed for — for hyperscale scale-out, meaning it’s easy to — to — to install L40S servers into the world’s hyperscale data centers.

It comes in a standard rack, standard server. And everything about it is standard, and so it’s easy to install. L40S also is, with the software stack around it and along with BlueField-3, and all the work that we did with VMware and the work that we did with Snow — Snowflake’s and — and ServiceNow and so many other enterprise partners, L40S is designed for the world’s enterprise IT systems. And that’s the reason why HPE, Dell, and Lenovo, and some 20 other system makers building about 100 different configurations of enterprise servers are going to work with us to take generative AI to the world’s enterprise. And so, L40S is really designed for — for a different — different type of scale-out, if you will. It’s, of course, large language models.

It’s, of course, generative AI, but it’s a different use case. And the L40S is going to — is off to a great start, and, you know, the world’s enterprise and hyperscalers are really clamoring to get — get L40S deployed.


OK, next, we’ll go to Joe Moore with Morgan Stanley. Your line is now open.

Joe MooreMorgan Stanley — Analyst

Great. Thank you. I guess the thing about these numbers that’s so remarkable to me is the amount of demand that remains unfulfilled. Talking to some of your customers, you know, as good as these numbers are, you sort of more than tripled your revenue in a couple of quarters.

There’s — there’s a demand, in some cases, for — for multiples of what people are getting. So, can you talk about that, how much-unfulfilled demand do you think there is? And you talked about visibility extending into next year. Do you have a line of sight into when you’ll get to see supply demand equilibrium here?

Jensen HuangPresident and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, we have excellent visibility through the year and into next year. And we’re already planning the next-generation infrastructure with the leading CSPs and data center builders. The demand — the easiest way to think about the demand is the world is transitioning from general-purpose computing to accelerated computing. That’s the easiest way to think about the demand.

The best way for companies to increase their throughput, improve their energy efficiency, improve their cost efficiency, is to divert their capital budget to accelerated computing and generative AI. Because by doing that, you’re going to offload so much workload off of the CPUs that the available CPUs is — in your data center will get boosted. And — and so, what you’re seeing companies do now is recognizing this — this, the tipping point here, recognizing the beginning of this transition, and diverting their capital investment to accelerated computing and generative AI. And so — so, that’s — that’s probably the easiest way to think about the opportunity ahead of us. This isn’t a — a singular application that — that is driving the demand, but this is a new computing platform, if you will, a new computing transition that’s happening, and data centers all over the world are responding to this and shifting, you know, in a broad-based way.


OK, next, we go to Toshiya Hari with Goldman Sachs. Your line is now open.

Toshi HariGoldman Sachs — Analyst

Hi, thank you for taking the question. I had one quick clarification question for Colette and then another one for Jensen. Colette, I think, last quarter, you had said CSPs were about 40% of your data center revenue; consumer internet, 30%; enterprise, 30%. Based on your remarks, it sounded like CSPs and consumer internet may have been a larger percentage of your business. If you can kind of clarify that or confirm that, that would be super helpful.

And then, Jensen, a question for you. You know, given your position as the key enabler of AI, the breadth of engagements and the visibility you have into customer projects, I’m curious how confident you are that there will be enough applications or use cases for your customers to generate a reasonable return on their investments. I guess I asked the question because there is a concern out there that, you know, there could be a bit of a pause in your — in your demand profile in the outyears. Curious, you know, if there’s enough breadth and depth there to — to support a sustained increase in your data center business going forward. Thank you.

Colette KressExecutive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

So, thank you on the question regarding our types of customers that we have in our data center business, and we look at it in terms of combining our compute as well as our networking together. Our CSPs — our large CSPs are contributing a little bit more than 50% of our revenue within Q2, and the next largest category will be our consumer internet companies. And then, the last piece of it will be our enterprise and high-performance computing.

Jensen HuangPresident and Chief Executive Officer

Toshi, I’m reluctant to — to guess about the future, and so I’ll answer the question from the first principle of computer science perspective. It is — it is recognized, for some time now, that general-purpose computing is just not in-brute forcing general-purpose computing. Using general-purpose computing at scale is no longer the best way to go forward. It’s too costly, it’s too expensive, and the performance of the applications are too slow, right? And finally, the world has a new way of doing it. It’s called accelerated computing.

And what kicked it into turbocharge is generative AI. But accelerated computing could be used for all kinds of different applications that’s already in the data center. And by using it, you offload the CPUs, you save a ton of money, an order of magnitude in cost and order of magnitude in energy, and the throughput is higher. And — and that’s what — that’s what the industry is really responding to.

Going forward, the best way to invest in a data center is to divert the capital investment from general-purpose computing and focus it on generative AI and accelerated computing. Generative AI provides a new way of generating productivity, a new way of generating new services to offer to your customers, and accelerated computing helps you save money and save power. And — and the number of applications is — is, well, you know, tons, lots of developers, lots of applications, lots of libraries. It’s ready to be deployed. And so, I think — I think the data centers around the world recognize that this is the — the best way to deploy resources, deploy capital going forward for data centers. This is true for the world’s clouds, and — and — and you’re seeing a whole crop of — of new GPUs — specialty GPU-specialized cloud service providers. One of the famous ones is CoreWeave, and they’re doing incredibly well.

But you’re seeing the regional GPU specialists — service providers all over the world now, and — and — and because they all recognize the same thing, that the best way to invest your capital going forward is to put it into accelerated computing and generative AI. We’re also seeing that — that enterprises want to do that. But in order for enterprises to do it, you have to support the management system, the operating system, the security, and software — software-defined data center approach of enterprises, and that’s called VMware. And we’ve been working several years with VMware to make it possible for VMware to support, not just the virtualization of CPUs, but the virtualization of GPUs as well as the distributed computing capabilities of GPUs, supporting NVIDIA’s BlueField for high-performance networking. And all of the generative AI libraries that we’ve been working on is now going to be offered as a special SKU by VMware’s sales force, which is, as we all know, quite large because they reach some several hundred thousand VMware customers around the world. And this new SKU is going to be called VMware Private AI Foundation.

And — and this will be a new SKU that makes it possible for enterprises. And in combination with HPE, Dell, and Lenovo’s new server offerings based on L40S, any — any enterprise could have a state-of-the-art AI data center and be able to engage generative AI. And so, I think the — the — the answer to — to that question, it’s hard to predict exactly what’s going to happen quarter to quarter. But I think the trend is very very clear now that we’re seeing a platform shift.


Next, we’ll go to Timothy Arcuri with UBS. Your line is now open.

Tim ArcuriUBS — Analyst

Thanks a lot. Can you talk about the attach rate of your networking solutions to your — to — to the compute that you’re shipping? In other words, is — is like half of your compute shipping with your networking solutions, you know, more than half, less than half, and is this something that maybe you can use to prioritize allocation of the — of — of the GPUs? Thank you.

Jensen HuangPresident and Chief Executive Officer

Well, working backwards, we don’t use that to prioritize the allocation of our GPUs. We let customers decide what networking they would like to use. And for the customers that are building very large infrastructure, InfiniBand is, you know, I hate to say it, kind of a no-brainer. And the reason for that, because — because the efficiency of InfiniBand is so significant.

You know, some 10, 15, 20% higher throughput for $1 billion infrastructure translates to enormous savings. Basically, the networking is free. And so, if you have a — a single application, if you will, infrastructure or it’s largely dedicated to large language models or large AI systems, InfiniBand is really — really a terrific choice. However, if you’re — if you’re hosting for a lot of different users and — and Ethernet is really important to the way you manage your data center, we have — we have an excellent solution there that we just recently announced and it’s called Spectrum X, where we’re going to bring the capabilities, if you will, not all of it, but — but some of it of the capabilities of InfiniBand, to Ethernet so that we can — we can also, within the — the environment of Ethernet, allow you to — enable you to get excellent generative AI capabilities. So, Spectrum X is — is just ramping now. It requires BlueField-3 and supports both our Spectrum-2 and Spectrum-3 Ethernet switches.

And the additional performance is really spectacular. And, you know, BlueField-3 makes it possible and a whole bunch of software that goes along with it. BlueField — BlueField, as all of you know, is — is a project really dear to my heart. And it’s — it’s off to just a tremendous start. I think it’s a home run.

This is the — the concept of — of in-network computing, and putting a lot of software in the computing fabric is being realized with — with BlueField-3. And it is going to be a home run.


Our final question comes from the line of Ben Reitzes with Melius. Your line is now open.

Ben ReitzesMelius Research — Analyst

Hi. Good afternoon, good evening. Thank you for the question and putting me in here. My question is with regard to DGX Cloud.

Can you talk about the reception that you’re seeing and, you know, how the momentum is going? And then, Colette, can you also talk about your software business? What is the run rate right now and the materiality of that business? And it does seem like it’s already helping margins a bit. Thank you very much.

Jensen HuangPresident and Chief Executive Officer

DGX Cloud’s strategy, let me start there. DGX Cloud’s strategy is to — to achieve several things: number one, to enable a really close partnership between us and the world’s CSPs. We — we recognize that — that many of our — we work with some 30,000 companies around the world, 15,000 of them are start-ups, thousands of them are generative AI companies. And the fastest-growing segment, of course, is generative AI. We’re working with all of — all of the world’s AI start-ups. And — and — and ultimately, they would like to be able to land in one of the world’s leading clouds.

And — and so, we — we built DGX Cloud as a footprint inside the world’s leading clouds so that we could simultaneously work with all of our AI partners and help land them in — easily in one of our cloud partners. The second benefit is that it allows our CSPs and ourselves to work really closely together to improve the performance of hyperscale clouds, which is historically designed for multi-tenancy and not designed for high-performance distributed computing like generative AI. And so, to be able to work closely architecturally to — to have our engineers work hand in hand to improve the networking performance and the computing performance has been really powerful, really terrific. And then, thirdly, of course, Nvidia uses very large infrastructures ourselves, and — and our self-driving car team, our Nvidia research team, our generative AI team, our language model team. You know, the amount of infrastructure that we need is quite — quite significant. And none of our — none of our optimizing compilers are possible without our DGX systems. Even compilers these days require AI, and optimizing software and infrastructure software requires AI to — to even develop.

It’s been well publicized that our engineering uses AI to design our chips. And so — so, the internal — our own consumption of AI, robotics team, so and so forth; Omniverse team, so on and so forth, all needs AI, and so — all right? So, our — our internal consumption is quite large as well, and we land that in DGX Cloud. And so, DFX Cloud has multiple — multiple use cases, multiple drivers, and it’s been off to an — just an enormous success. Our — our — our CSPs love it.

The developers love it. And our own internal engineers are clamoring to have more of it. And it’s a great way for us to engage and work closely with all of the AI ecosystem around the world.

Colette KressExecutive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

And let’s see if I can answer your question regarding our software revenue and part of our opening remarks that we made as well. Remember, software is a part of almost all of our products, whether they are data center products, GPUs, systems, or any of our products within gaming and our future automotive products. You’re correct, we’re also selling it in a stand-alone business. And that stand-alone software continues to grow, where we are providing both the software, services, upgrades across there as well. Now, we’re seeing, at this point, probably hundreds of millions of dollars annually for our software business.

And we are looking at NVIDIA AI Enterprise to be included with many of the products that we’re selling, such as our DGX, such as our PCIe versions of our H100. And I think we’re going to see more availability even with our CSP marketplaces. So, we’re off to a great start, and I do believe we’ll see this continue to grow going forward.


And that does include today’s question-and-answer session. I’ll turn the call back over to Jensen Huang for any additional or closing remarks.

Jensen HuangPresident and Chief Executive Officer

A new computing era has begun. The industry is simultaneously going through two platform transitions: accelerated computing and generative AI. Data centers are making a platform shift from general-purpose to accelerated computing. The trillion dollars of global data centers will transition to accelerated computing to achieve an order of magnitude better performance, energy efficiency, and cost. Accelerated computing enabled generative AI, which is now driving a platform shift in software and enabling new, never-before-possible applications.

Together, accelerated computing and generative AI are driving a broad-based computer industry platform shift. Our demand is tremendous. We are significantly expanding our production capacity. Supply will substantially increase for the rest of this year and next year. Nobody has been preparing for this for over two decades and has created a new computing platform that the world’s industry — world’s industries can build upon.

What makes them so special are, one, architecture. Nvidia accelerates everything from data processing, training inference every AI model, real-time speech-to-computer vision, and giant recommenders to vector databases. The performance and versatility of our architecture translates to the lowest data center TCO, and best energy efficiency. Two, install base.

Nvidia has hundreds of millions of CUDA-compatible GPUs worldwide. Developers need a large install base to reach end users and grow their business. Nvidia is the developer’s preferred platform. More developers create more applications that make Nvidia more valuable for customers. Three, reach.

Nvidia’s in cloud’s enterprise data centers, industrial edge, PCs, workstations, instruments, and robotics. Each has fundamentally unique computing models and ecosystems. System suppliers like OEMs — computer OEMs can confidently invest in Nvidia because we offer significant market demand and reach. Scale and velocity. Nvidia has achieved significant — significant scale and is 100% invested in accelerated computing and generative AI.

Our ecosystem partners can trust that we have the expertise, focus, and scale to deliver a strong roadmap and reach to help them grow. We are accelerating because of the additive results of these capabilities. We’re upgrading and adding new products about every six months versus every two years to address the expanding universe of generative AI. While we increase the output of H100 for training and inference of large language models, we’re ramping up our new L40S universal GPU for scale — for cloud scale-out and enterprise servers. Spectrum X, which consists of our Ethernet switch, BlueField-3, supernet, and software helps customers who want the best possible AI performance on Ethernet infrastructures. Customers are already working on next-generation, accelerated computing and generative AI with our Grace Hopper.

We’re extending NVIDIA AI to the world’s enterprises that demand generative AI but with the model privacy, security, and sovereignty. Together with the world’s leading enterprise IT companies, Accenture, Adobe, Getty, Hugging Face, Snowflake, ServiceNow, VMware, and WPP; and our enterprise system partners, Dell, HPE, and Lenovo, we are bringing generative AI to the world’s enterprise. We’re building NVIDIA Omniverse to digitalize and enable the world’s multi-trillion-dollar heavy industries to use generative AI to automate how they build and operate physical assets and achieve greater productivity. Generative AI starts in the cloud, but the most significant opportunities are in the world’s largest industries where companies can realize trillions of dollars of productivity gains. It is an exciting time for Nvidia, our customers, partners, and the entire ecosystem to drive this generational shift in computing. We look forward to updating you on our progress next quarter.


[Operator signoff]

Duration: 0 minutes

Call participants:

Simona JankowskiVice President, Investor Relations

Colette KressExecutive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Matt RamsayTD Cowen — Analyst

Jensen HuangPresident and Chief Executive Officer

Vivek AryaBank of America Merrill Lynch — Analyst

Stacy RasgonAllianceBernstein — Analyst

Mark LipacisJefferies — Analyst

Atif MalikCiti — Analyst

Joe MooreMorgan Stanley — Analyst

Toshi HariGoldman Sachs — Analyst

Tim ArcuriUBS — Analyst

Ben ReitzesMelius Research — Analyst

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